Geography and Demography

The Chechen Republic is situated in the eastern part of the North Caucasus, partially in Eastern Europe. Chechnya is surrounded on nearly all sides by Russian Federal territory. In the west, it borders North Ossetia and Ingushetia, in the north, Stavropol Krai, in the east, Dagestan, and to the south, Georgia. Its capital is Grozny.

Area: 15,300 kilometres (9,500 mi)


  • Internal: Republic of Dagestan (NE), Republic of Ingushetia (W), Republic of North Ossetia-Alania (W) and Stavropol Krai (NW)
  • Foreign: Georgia (S)

Rivers: Terek, Sunzha and Argun

Cities and towns with over 20,000 people: Grozny (capital), Shali, Urus-Martan, Gudermes and Argun


According to the Russian official estimates, the population of Chechnya as at 1 January 2010 is 1,267,740. As per 2002 Census, Chechens at 1,031,647 make up 93.5% of the republic’s population. Other groups include Russians (40,645, or 3.7%), Kumyks (8,883, or 0.8%), Ingush (2,914 or 0.3%) and a host of smaller groups, each accounting for less than 0.5% of the total population. Birth rate was 25.41 in 2004. (25.7 in Achkhoi Martan, 19.8 in Groznyy, 17.5 in Kurchaloi, 28.3 in Urus Martan and 11.1 in Vedeno). According to the Chechen State Statistical Committee, Chechnya’s population had grown to 1.205 million in January 2006.

Chechnya has one of the youngest populations in the generally ageing Russian Federation; in the early 1990s, it was among the few regions experiencing natural population growth. Since 2002, Chechnya has experienced a classic post-conflict baby-boom. Chechen demographers in 2008 reported overall population growth as infant mortality in Chechnya was said to be 60 percent higher than the Russian average in 2007 and to have risen by 3.9 percent compared with 2006.

Population: 1,103,686 (2002)
(by 1 January 2010 the number has risen to 1,267,740 according to Russian official statistics)

Urban: 373,177 (33.8%)
Rural: 730,509 (66.2%)
Male: 532,724 (48.3%)
Female: 570,962 (51.7%)

Average age: 22.7 years

Urban: 22.8 years
Rural: 22.7 years
Male: 21.6 years
Female: 23.9 years

Number of households: 195,304 (with 1,069,600 people)

Urban: 65,741 (with 365,577 people)
Rural: 129,563 (with 704,023 people)


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